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Pseudomonas


Pseudomonas

Latin name: Pseudomonas
Other names:
Pathogen: bacteria
Symptoms: An autopsy reveals inflammation of the intestines, Small dark spots, Ulcers

Sick fish are covered with dark small spots which are transitory to small regularly shaped round
reddish ulcers. These ulcers look like bites of Argulus. An autopsy can reveal inflammation of intestines.
The ulcers are the gates to the fish organism for different kinds of bacteria, viruses and fungus. On a very weak fish the ulcers are covered with Saprolegnia and Achlya fungi.

Description:
Pseudomonas, also known as ulcerous disease, is a common fish disease. It is an infectious disease caused by the water bacteria Pseudomonas fluorescens. When grown on the media containing phosphates, they produce a pigment, called fluorescein, which produces a beautiful greenish-yellow fluorescence. Depending on the kind of bacteria, gelatin is either diluted or not.
P. fluorescens liquefaciens dilutes gelatin, whereas P. fluorescens non-liquefaciens does not.
They get into the fish tank from a fishpond with feed, plants and gravel which has not been boiled or tempered as well as with fish, plants, water and equipment from a contaminated aquarium. Disease can be sometimes fatal.

How to cure:
The main tank: bicillin-5 – 500, 000 U per 100 L, six times a day, every other day; aureomycin (chlortetracycline) hydrochloride - 1,5 g per 100 L, 4 times, for seven days; Biomycin, white Streptocide.
A separate tank: potassium permanganate (KMnO4) - 0,5 g per 10 L of water, for 15 minutes, twice; Basic Violet K - 0,002g per 10 L of water, the bath lasts for 4 days, once; hydrochloride.

Medicine:
Sera Baktopur direct
Aquarium Pharmaceuticals Triple Sulfa
Aquarium Pharmaceuticals E.M. Tablets
Aquarium Pharmaceuticals Furan-2
Bicillin-5
aureomycin (chlortetracycline) hydrochloride
biomycin
streptocide
potassium permanganate(KMnO4)
Basic Violet K
hydrochloride

Prevention:
Prevention is through careful introduction of new fish, plants and water, as well as maintaining a healthy environment for your fish.

Fish susceptible to the disease/disorder:




 

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